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Title: Reviews and perspectives of high impact atmospheric processes in the Mediterranean
Authors: Michaelides, Silas 
Karacostas, Theodore 
Sánchez, J. L. 
Retalise, Adrianos 
Pytharoulis, Ioannis 
Homar, Víctor 
Romero, Romualdo 
Zanis, Prodromos 
Giannakopoulos, Christos 
Bühl, Johannes 
Ansmann, Albert 
Merinod, Andrés 
Melcón, Pablo 
Lagouvardos, Konstantinos 
Kotroni, Vassiliki 
Bruggeman, Adriana 
López-Moreno, Juan Ignacio 
Berthet, Claude 
Katragkou, Eleni 
Tymvios, Filippos S. 
Hadjimitsis, Diofantos G. 
Mamouri, Rodanthi-Elisavet 
Nisantzi, Argyro 
Major Field of Science: Natural Sciences
Field Category: Earth and Related Environmental Sciences
Keywords: Mediterranean;Atmospheric processes;Medicanes;Explosive cyclones;Climate change;Drought;Flood;Atmospheric chemistry;Dust and pollution;Extreme weather phenomena;Weather modification
Issue Date: 1-Aug-2018
Source: Atmospheric Research, 2018, vol. 208, pp. 4-44
Volume: 208
Start page: 4
End page: 44
Journal: Atmospheric Research 
Abstract: The Mediterranean region is a unique area characterized by a large spectrum of atmospheric phenomena, some of which have a high impact on many aspects of human activities, safety and wellbeing. The area is long considered as a hot spot of such atmospheric phenomena deserving multidisciplinary scientific attention. The scientific research that has been carried out on these high impact atmospheric processes that occur in the Mediterranean area is indeed widespread and the available international literature is very extensive. The paper touches initially the temperature and precipitation regimes, followed by a discussion of floods and droughts. The exciting cyclogenetic patterns of explosive cyclones and medicanes are presented in separate sections. The lightning activity and the presence of dust and other pollutants are also presented herein. The atmospheric chemistry of the region which is increasingly becoming of utmost importance for the area under study is distinctly discussed. Attempts to modify the weather (the precipitation, in particular) are outlined too. The effects of climatic change on various atmospheric processes are considered throughout this paper, in addition to a dedicated section on temperature and precipitation.
ISSN: 0169-8095
DOI: 10.1016/j.atmosres.2017.11.022
Rights: © Elsevier B.V.
Type: Article
Affiliation : The Cyprus Institute 
Cyprus University of Technology 
Aristotle University of Thessaloniki 
University of León 
National Observatory of Athens 
Universitat de les Illes Balears 
TROPOS - Leibniz-Institut für Troposphärenforschung e.V. 
Instituto Pirenaico de Ecología - CSIC 
Cyprus Department of Meteorology 
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