Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://ktisis.cut.ac.cy/handle/10488/11833
Title: Mesoporous implantable Pt/SrTiO3:C,N nanocuboids delivering enhanced photocatalytic H2-production activity via plasmon-induced interfacial electron transfer
Authors: Tamiolakis, Ioannis 
Liu, Dong 
Xiao, Fangxing 
Xie, Jian 
Papadas, Ioannis T. 
Salim, Teddy 
Liu, Bin 
Zhang, Qichun 
Choulis, Stelios A. 
Armatas, Gerasimos S. 
Major Field of Science: Natural Sciences
Field Category: Chemical Sciences
Keywords: Hydrogen production;Mesoporous materials;Nanoparticles;Photocatalysis;Strontium titanate
Issue Date: 15-Nov-2018
Source: Applied Catalysis B: Environmental, 2018, vol. 236, pp. 338-347
Volume: 236
Start page: 338
End page: 347
Journal: Applied Catalysis B: Environmental 
Abstract: Band edge engineering of semiconductor nanostructures is one of the most appealing approaches to enhance light absorption, carrier separation and, ultimately, solar to fuel conversion efficiency. In this study, we devise a facile polymer-assisted sol-gel chemical method to prepare highly porous, crystalline implanted SrTiO3 (STO) nanoparticles and demonstrate their performance for photocatalytic hydrogen generation from water. X-ray scattering, electron microscopy, and nitrogen physisorption data corroborate that the as-made catalysts comprise 100-nm-sized nanocuboid particles containing a highly internal porous structure (BET surface area ∼176 m2 g−1) with uniform mesopores (ca. 5.8 nm in diameter). Interestingly, a partial substitution of N and C for O is attained in STO lattice with this synthetic protocol, according to the elemental analysis, and infrared (IR) and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) studies. Compared to STO:C,N, the STO:C,N mesoporous decorated with Pt nanoparticles (ca. 3 nm) present unique attributes that allow for an impressive improvement of up to 74-fold in photocatalytic H2-production activity. By combining UV–vis/NIR optical absorption, photoluminescence, Raman and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy, we show that this improved performance arises from the unique nanostructure, which provides massive surface active sites, and the proper alignment of defect states and conduction band-edge position of the STO:C,N semiconductor with respect to the interband transitions of metal, which permit efficient plasmon-induced interfacial electron transfer between the Pt–STO:C,N junction.
ISSN: 0926-3373
DOI: 10.1016/j.apcatb.2018.05.036
Rights: © Elsevier B.V.
Type: Article
Affiliation : University of Crete 
Nanyang Technological University 
Cyprus University of Technology 
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