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Title: Thermal Analysis of Naturally Ventilated BIPV systems
Authors: Agathokleous, Rafaela 
Keywords: Τhermal behaviour;BIPV systems;Νatural ventilation;PV panels
Advisor: Kalogirou, Soteris A.
Issue Date: Nov-2017
Publisher: Τμήμα Μηχανολόγων Μηχανικών και Επιστήμης και Μηχανικής Υλικών, Σχολή Μηχανικής και Τεχνολογίας, Τεχνολογικό Πανεπιστήμιο Κύπρου
Abstract: The aim of this study is to investigate the thermal behaviour of naturally ventilated BIPV systems. This study focuses on the systems with natural ventilation because it is believed that there is a good potential to improve their performance with design configurations, in order to provide sufficient ventilation to circulate the air and avoid the use of a fan with extra cost, noise and maintenance requirements. The ultimate goal is to estimate the convective heat transfer coefficients in all sections of a BIPV system. An extensive experimental analysis is carried out in outdoor environmental conditions and in indoor controlled conditions with the use of a solar simulator. It was pointed out that the air exits the duct at around 10ºC hotter than it enters and for this reason the PV’s temperature increases from the bottom to the top. Regarding the inclination angles tested, it is observed that the system develops higher temperature when is inclined at 30º and less when is placed vertically (90º). Subsequently, an analysis of the natural convection is carried out using fundamental convection equations and as a result, two correlations for the estimation of the convective heat transfer coefficients (CHTC) are extracted for the first time. These can be applied to estimate the CHTC in the air gap between the PV panels and the outer skin of the building, in double skin BIPV systems, for windy and no windy conditions. Afterwards, a 3D computational fluid dynamic (CFD) model was built in COMSOL Multiphysics and it is validated with the experimental results. The general conclusion is that the experimental results were in a good agreement with the simulation results. Additionally, based on the measured temperature distribution of the system from the experimental procedures, energy and exergy analyses are carried out and the correlations for the estimation of the energy and exergy efficiencies are presented for the first time for a naturally ventilated BIPV system. The energy efficiency of the system is estimated to be up to 26.5‐33.5% while the exergy efficiency is estimated to be between 13‐16%. Finally, the gained knowledge is applied to a real BIPV demonstration system. A building simulation model is carried out to predict the temperature of the PV panels and the energy production of the system for one year. A good agreement is observed between the calculated and measured data.
Rights: Απαγορέυεται η δημοσίευση ή αναπαραγωγή,ηλεκτρονική η άλλη χωρίς τη γραπτή συγκατάθεση του δημιουργού και κατόχου των πνευματικών δικαιωμάτων.
Type: PhD Thesis
metadata.dc.affiliation: Cyprus University of Technology
Appears in Collections:Διδακτορικές Διατριβές/ PhD Theses

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