Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
|Title:||Obesity and dental caries in young children in Plymouth, United Kingdom: A Spatial Analysis||Authors:||Paisi, Martha
Christophi, Costas A.
|Major Field of Science:||Medical and Health Sciences||Field Category:||Clinical Medicine||Keywords:||Obesity;Caries;Children;Inequalities;Socioeconomic factors;Geographic location||Issue Date:||1-Mar-2018||Source:||Community Dental Health Journal, 2018, vol. 35, no. 1, pp. 58-64||Volume:||35||Issue:||1||Start page:||58||End page:||64||Journal:||Community Dental Health Journal||Abstract:||Objective: To examine the spatial clustering of obesity and dental caries in young children in Plymouth, United Kingdom, to evaluate the association between these conditions and deprivation, and explore the impact of neighbourhood-level characteristics on their distribution. Basic research design: Cross-sectional study analysing data from the National Child Measurement Programme (N=2427) and the Local Dental Health Survey (N=1425). The association of deprivation with weight status and caries was determined at individual and area level, using ANOVA and Poisson models. The overall spatial clustering was assessed using a modified version of the Global Moran's I, while clusters were located through Local Indicators of Spatial Association. Spatial autocorrelation was assessed using the variograms of the raw values. Log-linear Poisson models were fitted to assess the significance of neighbourhood characteristics on overweight/obesity and caries distribution. Results: At an individual level, deprivation was not associated with BMI z-scores but was a significant predictor of caries (p<0.05). However, at area level, deprivation related to the rates of both conditions. A significant positive autocorrelation was observed across neighbourhoods for caries. The variograms suggested spatial autocorrelations up to 2.5 km and 3 km for overweight/obesity and caries, respectively. Among several neighbourhood characteristics, the proportion of people on benefits was found to be a significant predictor of caries rates. Conclusions: Our results underline the importance of considering geographic location and characteristics of the broader environment when developing strategies to target obesity and caries.||ISSN:||0265-539X||DOI:||10.1922/CDH_4214Paisi07||Rights:||© Dennis Barber||Type:||Article||Affiliation :||University of Plymouth
Plymouth City Council
Cyprus University of Technology
Public Health England
|Appears in Collections:||Άρθρα/Articles|
checked on Aug 31, 2020
WEB OF SCIENCETM
checked on Sep 17, 2020
Page view(s) 50106
checked on Oct 22, 2020
Items in KTISIS are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.