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Title: Variants in the 3' untranslated region of the ovine acetyl-coenzyme A acyltransferase 2 gene are associated with dairy traits and exhibit differential allelic expression
Authors: Miltiadou, Despoina 
Hager-Theodorides, Ariadne L. 
Symeou, Simoni 
Constantinou, C. 
Psifidi, Androniki 
Banos, Georgios 
Tzamaloukas, Ouranios 
Keywords: ACAA2 association;3' untranslated;Region cis-acting SNP;Gene expression;Dairy sheep
Category: Other Agricultural Sciences
Field: Agricultural Sciences
Issue Date: Aug-2017
Publisher: Elsevier
Source: Journal of Dairy Science, Volume 100, Issue 8, August 2017, Pages 6285-6297, 2017
Journal: Journal of Dairy Science 
Abstract: The acetyl-CoA acyltransferase 2 (ACAA2) gene encodes an enzyme of the thiolase family that is involved in mitochondrial fatty acid elongation and degradation by catalyzing the last step of the respective 0-oxidation pathway. The increased energy needs for gluconeogenesis and triglyceride synthesis during lactation are met primarily by increased fatty acid oxidation. Therefore, the ACAA2 enzyme plays an important role in the supply. of energy and carbon substrates for lactation and may thus affect milk production traits. This study investigated the association of the ACAA2 gene with important sheep traits and the putative functional involvement of this gene in dairy traits. A single nucleotide substitution, a T to C transition located in the 3' untranslated region of the ACAA2 gene, was used in mixed model association analysis with milk yield, milk protein yield and percentage, milk fat yield and percentage, and litter size at birth. The single nucleotide polymorphism was significantly associated with total lactation production and milk protein percentage, with respective additive effects of 6.81 +/- 2.95 kg and 0.05 0.02%. Additionally, a significant dominance effect of 0.46 +/- 0.21 kg was detected for milk fat yield. Homozygous TT and heterozygous CT animals exhibited higher milk yield compared with homozygous CC animals, whereas the latter exhibited increased milk protein percentage. Expression analysis from age-, lactation-, and parity-matched female sheep showed that rnRNA expression of the ACAA2 gene from TT animals was 2.8- and 11.8 -fold higher in liver and mammary gland, respectively. In addition, by developing an allelic expression imbalance assay, it was estimated that the T allele was expressed at an average of 18% more
ISSN: 0022-0302
DOI: 10.3168/jds.2016-12326
Rights: © 2017 American Dairy Science Association®.
Type: Article
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