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Title: Overview and future challenges of nearly zero energy buildings (nZEB) design in Southern Europe
Authors: Attia, Shady 
Eleftheriou, Polyvios 
Xeni, Flouris 
Morlot, Rodolphe 
Ménézo, Christophe 
Kostopoulos, Vasilis 
Betsi, Maria 
Kalaitzoglou, Iakovos 
Pagliano, Lorenzo 
Cellura, Maurizio 
Almeida, Manuela 
Ferreira, Marco 
Baracu, Tudor 
Badescu, Viorel 
Crutescu, Ruxandra 
Hidalgo-Betanzos, Juan Maria 
Major Field of Science: Engineering and Technology
Field Category: Civil Engineering
Keywords: Renovation;Nearly zero energy building (nZEB);Net zero energy building (NZEB);Fuel poverty;Thermal comfort;EPBD;Warm climate;Construction quality
Issue Date: 15-Nov-2017
Source: Energy and Buildings, 2017, vol. 155, pp. 439-458
Volume: 155
Start page: 439
End page: 458
Journal: Energy and Buildings 
Abstract: In times of great transition of the European construction sector to energy efficient and nearly zero energy buildings (nZEB), a market observation containing qualitative and quantitative indications should help to fill out some of the current gaps concerning the EU 2020 carbon targets. Next to the economic challenges, there are equally important factors that hinder renovating the existing residential building stock and adding newly constructed high performance buildings. Under these circumstances this paper summarises the findings of a cross-comparative study of the societal and technical barriers of nZEB implementation in 7 Southern European countries. The study analyses the present situation and provides an overview on future prospects for nZEB in Southern Europe. The result presents an overview of challenges and provides recommendations based on available empirical evidence to further lower those barriers in the European construction sector. The paper finds that the most Southern European countries are poorly prepared for nZEB implementation and especially to the challenge opportunity of retrofitting existing buildings. Creating a common approach to further develop nZEB targets, concepts and definitions in synergy with the climatic, societal and technical state of progress in Southern Europe is essential. The paper provides recommendations for actions to shift the identified gaps into opportunities for future development of climate adaptive high performance buildings.
ISSN: 0378-7788
DOI: 10.1016/j.enbuild.2017.09.043
Rights: © Elsevier
Type: Article
Affiliation : Cyprus University of Technology 
University of Liege 
French Environment and Energy Management National Agency (ADEME) 
Université Savoie Mont Blanc 
University of Patras 
Politecnico di Milano 
University of Palermo 
Universidade do Minho 
Polytechnic University of Bucharest 
Spiru Haret University 
University of Basque Country 
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