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Title: Burnout among nurses working in social welfare centers for the disabled
Authors: Lahana, Eleni 
Papadopoulou, Konstantina 
Roumeliotou, Olga 
Tsounis, Andreas 
Sarafis, Pavlos 
Niakas, Dimitris 
Major Field of Science: Medical and Health Sciences
Field Category: Health Sciences
Keywords: Annexes disabled;Nurses;Burnout;MBI;Intellectual disabilities
Issue Date: 23-Mar-2017
Source: BMC Nursing, 2017, vol. 16
Volume: 16
Journal: BMC Nursing 
Abstract: Background: In the healthcare sector, we often come across the burnout syndrome. It is an occupational syndrome which causes, physical and emotional exhaustion. More information is needed on the dangers of burnout and how often it occurs in healthcare. The purpose of this study was to investigate burnout and factors associated with the syndrome among nurses working with people that are mentally challenged. Methods: A cross-sectional survey was conducted, among 180 nurses working in public health centers for the disabled in multiple regions of Greece. A self-administered questionnaire with questions about socio-demographic and work-related characteristics was used, as well as the Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI) for burnout assessment. Univariate and multivariate analyzes were performed. Results: The burnout dimensions of emotional exhaustion (Mean = 31.36) and depersonalization (Mean = 11.27) were at high levels while personal accomplishment was at low levels (Mean = 44.02). Female nurses had a higher personal accomplishment score (Mean = 44.82, p = 0.047) than men (Mean = 42.10, p = 0.047). Marital status, daily routine and relationships with supervisors were significantly related with emotional exhaustion and personal accomplishment and professional experience with higher levels of emotional exhaustion and depersonalization. Reason for professional selection was an independent predictor for depersonalization and personal accomplishment, with those that have selected the nursing profession randomly or because of the fear of unemployment having higher scores. Moderate relationships with colleagues was an independent predictor for all burnout dimensions. Conclusions: Nurses working in services for people with intellectual disabilities in Greece show increased burnout levels. Burnout can be prevented by offering more opportunities for professional advancement and education, new ways to provide supervisor support, provide incentives for nurses to initiate or participate in innovative programs. Specific training on conflict resolution, collaboration, reinforcement and stress coping techniques must be implemented.
ISSN: 1472-6955
DOI: 10.1186/s12912-017-0209-3
Rights: © The Author(s). This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made. The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated.
Type: Article
Affiliation : Technological Educational Institute of Larissa 
Hellenic Open University 
Centers for the Prevention of Addictions and Promoting Psychosocial Health, Municipality of Thessaloniki-OKANA 
Cyprus University of Technology 
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