Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://ktisis.cut.ac.cy/handle/10488/9349
Title: Dust-air pollution dynamics over the eastern Mediterranean
Authors: Abdelkader, Mohamed 
Metzger, Swen M. 
Mamouri, Rodanthi-Elisavet 
Astitha, Marina 
Barrie, Leonard A. 
Levin, Zev 
Lelieveld, Jos 
Keywords: Chemistry-climate model;Mineral dust;Polarization lidar;Saharan dust;Technical note;Aerosol;Transport;Particles;Ice;Precipitation
Category: Earth and Related Environmental Sciences
Field: Natural Sciences
Issue Date: 19-Aug-2015
Publisher: Copernicus GmbH
Source: Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 2015, Volume 15, Issue 16, Pages 9173-9189
metadata.dc.doi: 10.5194/acp-15-9173-2015
Abstract: Interactions of desert dust and air pollution over the eastern Mediterranean (EM) have been studied, focusing on two distinct dust transport events on 22 and 28 September 2011. The atmospheric chemistry-climate model EMAC has been used at about 50 km grid spacing, applying an online dust emission scheme and calcium as a proxy for dust reactivity. EMAC includes a detailed tropospheric chemistry mechanism, aerosol microphysics and thermodynamics schemes to describe dust "aging". The model is evaluated using ground-based observations for aerosol concentrations and aerosol optical depth (AOD) as well as satellite observations. Simulation results and back trajectory analysis show that the development of synoptic disturbances over the EM can enhance dust transport from the Sahara and Arabian deserts in frontal systems that also carry air pollution to the EM. The frontal systems are associated with precipitation that controls the dust removal. Our results show the importance of chemical aging of dust, which increases particle size, dust deposition and scavenging efficiency during transport, overall reducing the lifetime relative to non-aged dust particles. The relatively long travel periods of Saharan dust result in more sustained aging compared to Arabian dust. Sensitivity simulations indicate 3 times more dust deposition of aged relative to pristine dust, which significantly decreases the dust lifetime and loading.
URI: http://ktisis.cut.ac.cy/handle/10488/9349
ISSN: 16807316
Rights: © Author(s) 2015.
Type: Article
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