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Title: The needs of information of cardiac surgery patients and their family before discharge
Authors: Panayi, A. 
Lambrinou, Ekaterini 
Evangelou, X. 
Papathanassoglou, E. 
Middleton, Nicos 
Keywords: Cardiac surgery;Patients;Cardiac patient
Category: Clinical Medicine
Field: Medical and Health Sciences
Issue Date: 2016
Publisher: SAGE
Source: European Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing, Volume 15, Pages S61-S61, 2016
Abstract: Introduction: The hospital discharge planning of a cardiac patient provides an opportunity to both himself and to his family, to deal with any problems, real or potential, which often occur in the postoperative period, in order to ensure the safe return of the patient at home. Providing high quality information regarding the discharge increases the satisfaction of the care provided, and enhances patients and their families to cope better after hospital discharge. Purpose: The main purpose of this study is to investigate the information needs of patients undergoing cardiac surgery and their families, before the hospital discharge. Methods: This is a descriptive comparative and correlational study in cardiac surgery patients and their family. The sample of the study included 132 patients who underwent a cardiac surgery in the two biggest Cardiac Surgery Centres in the country and 132 relatives of the patients.Data collection was done using the Cardiac Surgery Patient Discharge Questionnaire and the Cardiac Surgery Discharge Questionnaire for Families. The two questionnaires were translated and validated into the Greek language using the Cronbach’s a coefficient and by performing a confirmatory factor analysis. For independent variables of two parameters the t test was applied while for independent variables of more than two parameters, the one-way Analysis of Variance (one-way ANOVA) was applied. Results: Both questionnaires showed adequate reliability rates (Patients’ questionnaire, Pearson correlation> 0.9, p = 0.000, Cronbach’s a> 0.6 -. The relatives’ questionnaire, Pearson correlation> 0.6, p <0.005).Comparison between the patients and their relatives showed that the need to provide discharge information is more important for the relatives rather than the patients (p <0.05). In the patients’ group there were some differences regarding the comparison between the genders. Women seemed to believe that the information regarding emotions and follow up is important (p = 0.000). Age is another factor that influences patients’ needs for information.Patients under the age of 60 seem to have a greater need for information on physical activity (p = 0.000).Conclusions: The data results of this study revealed important information about the discharge information needs of patients who undergo cardiac surgery and their families. Providing discharge information appears to be more important to the family than the patients themselves.
ISSN: 10.1177/1474515116634263
DOI: 10.1177/1474515116634263
Rights: ©The European Society of Cardiology
Type: Article
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