Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://ktisis.cut.ac.cy/handle/10488/8499
Title: Professional environment and patient safety in emergency departments
Authors: Lambrou, Persefoni 
Papastavrou, Evridiki 
Merkouris, Anastasios 
Middleton, Nicos 
Keywords: Emergency department
Nurse
Patient safety
Physician
Professional environment
metadata.dc.subject.category: Basic Medicine
metadata.dc.subject.field: Medical and Health Sciences
Issue Date: Apr-2015
Publisher: Elsevier ltd.
Source: International Emergency Nursing, 2015, Volume 23, Issue 2, Pages 150-155
metadata.dc.link: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1755599X14002547
Abstract: Abstract The purpose of this study was to examine nurses' and physicians' perceptions of professional environment and its association with patient safety in public emergency departments in Cyprus. A total of 224 professionals (174 nurses and 50 physicians) participated (rr = 81%). Data were collected using the "Revised Professional Practice Environment" (RPPE) instrument and the Safety Climate Domain of the "Emergency Medical Services Safety Attitudes Questionnaire" (EMS-SAQ). The mean overall score of RPPE was 2.79 (SD = 0.30), among physicians 2.84 (SD = 0.25) and nurses 2.73 (SD = 0.33) (P-value = 0.07). Statistically significant differences were observed between the two study groups regarding "staff relationships", "motivation" and "cultural sensitivity" (P-values < 0.05). No significant differences were observed as regards EMS-SAQ (3.25 vs. 3.16 respectively; P-value = 0.28). All 8 components of the RPPE exhibited significant association with patient safety. Linear and stepwise regression analyses showed that "leadership" explains 28% of the variance of safety. This relationship suggests improvements in professional environment with the ultimate goal of improving patient safety.
Description: Funding: This study was funded by the Cyprus University of Technology
URI: http://ktisis.cut.ac.cy/jspui/handle/10488/8499
ISSN: 1755-599X
1878-013X (Online)
DOI: 10.1016/j.ienj.2014.07.009
Rights: Copyright © 2016 Elsevier B.V. or its licensors or contributors.
metadata.dc.type: Article
Appears in Collections:Άρθρα/Articles

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