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Title: Experimental investigation of the night heat losses of hot water storage tanks in thermosyphon solar water heaters
Authors: Siamas, George A.
Roditis, George
Kyriacou, Paraskevas
Eleftheriou, Polyvios 
Michaelides, Ioannis 
Keywords: Thermosyphones
Hot water
Storage tanks
Solar water heaters
Issue Date: 2011
Publisher: American Institute of Physics
Source: Journal of Renewable and Sustainable Energy, 2011, Volume 3, Issue 3, Pages 1-9
Abstract: The effects of night heat losses on the performance of thermosyphon solar water heaters have been experimentally examined. Three typical thermosyphon solar water heating systems with different storage tank sizes were tested by utilising the method suggested by ISO 9459-2:95. The results were analysed to quantify the night heat losses and to investigate the effect that these may have on the system daily performance. Analysis of the results showed that a linear behavior of the heat losses with the night mean ambient temperature exists. The correlation coefficients of the linearity, for the three systems under consideration, range from 0.93 to 0.97, with the losses reaching almost 8000 kJ at a mean ambient air temperature of 10 C. This value represents a significant percentage of the daily collected energy, making the night losses one of the most important sources of energy loss in thermosyphonic systems.
ISSN: 19417012
DOI: 10.1063/1.3595742
Rights: © 2011 American Institute of Physics
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