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Title: Saline sewage treatment using a submerged anaerobic membrane reactor (sambr): Effects of activated carbon addition and biogas-sparging time
Authors: Stuckey, David C. 
Vyrides, Ioannis 
Keywords: Biofilms;Biogas;Charcoal
Issue Date: 2009
Publisher: Elsevier
Source: Water Research, 2009, Volume 43, Issue 4, Pages 933-942
Abstract: This study investigated the performance of a submerged anaerobic membrane reactor (SAMBR) treating saline sewage under fluctuating concentrations of salinity (0-35 g NaCl/L), at 8 and 20 h HRT, with fluxes ranging from 5-8 litres per square metre per hour (LMH). The SAMBRs attained a 99% removal of Dissolved Organic Carbon (DOC) with 35 g NaCl/L, while removal inside the reactor was significantly lower (40-60% DOC). Even with a sudden drop in salinity overall removal recovered quickly, while the recovery inside the reactor took place at a slower rate. This highlights the positive effect of the membrane in preventing the presence of high molecular weight organics in the effluent while also retaining biomass inside the reactor so that they can rapidly acclimatize to salinity. The reduction of continuous biogas sparging to intervals of 10 min ON and 5 min OFF resulted in a slight increase in transmembrane pressure (TMP) by 0.025 bar, but also resulted in an increase in effluent DOC removal and inside the SAMBR by 10% and 20%, respectively. The addition of powdered activated carbon (PAC) resulted in a decrease in the TMP by 0.070 bar, and an increase in DOC removal in the reactor and effluent by 30% and 5%, respectively. The PAC dramatically decreased the high molecular weight organics in the reactor over a period of 72 h. SEM pictures of the membrane and biomass before and after addition of PAC revealed a remarkable reduction of flocks on the membrane surface, and a reduction inside the reactor of soluble microbial products (SMPs). Finally, Energy Dispersive X-ray (EDX) analysis of the membranes pores and biofilm highlighted the absence of organic matter in the inner pores of the membrane.
ISSN: 00431354
Rights: © 2008 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved
Type: Article
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