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Title: Evolution of autonomous and semi-autonomous robotic surgical systems: a review of the literature
Authors: Moustris, George P. 
Hiridis, Savvas C. 
Konstantinidis, Konstantinos M. 
Deliparaschos, Kyriakos M. 
Keywords: Minimally invasive surgery (MIS)
Robotic surgery
Autonomous robots
Issue Date: Dec-2011
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Source: The International Journal of Medical Robotics and Computer Assisted Surgery, 2011, Volume 7, Issue 4, Pages 375–392
Abstract: Background: Autonomous control of surgical robotic platforms may offer enhancements such as higher precision, intelligent manoeuvres, tissue-damage avoidance, etc. Autonomous robotic systems in surgery are largely at the experimental level. However, they have also reached clinical application. Methods: A literature review pertaining to commercial medical systems which incorporate autonomous and semi-autonomous features, as well as experimental work involving automation of various surgical procedures, is presented. Results are drawn from major databases, excluding papers not experimentally implemented on real robots. Results: Our search yielded several experimental and clinical applications, describing progress in autonomous surgical manoeuvres, ultrasound guidance, optical coherence tomography guidance, cochlear implantation, motion compensation, orthopaedic, neurological and radiosurgery robots. Conclusion: Autonomous and semi-autonomous systems are beginning to emerge in various interventions, automating important steps of the operation. These systems are expected to become standard modality and revolutionize the face of surgery.
ISSN: 1478-596X
DOI: 10.1002/rcs.408
Rights: © John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
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