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Title: Nutritional Quality of fruits and vegetables
Authors: Vicente, Ariel Roberto 
Ortiz, Cristian M.
Sozzi, Gabriel O.
Crisosto, Carlos H. 
Manganaris, George A. 
Keywords: Fruit;Vegetables;Nutrition;Bioactive Compounds;Antioxidants;Disease Prevention
Category: Agricultural Biotechnology
Field: Agricultural Sciences
Issue Date: 2014
Publisher: Elsevier
Source: Postharvest Handling (Third Edition), 2014, Pages 69–122
Abstract: Chronic diseases such as heart disease, stroke, cancer and diabetes are a leading cause of mortality worldwide. Excess weight and outright obesity are a growing concern. Prevention of these problems is linked to lifestyle choices. There may be an evolutionary discordance between modern diets, rich in calories from fats and starches and low in fruits and vegetables, and human nutritional requirements. Consequently replacing some added sugars and saturated fat with more fruits and vegetables, may benefit health. A growing body of research indicates that fruit and vegetable consumption reduces the risk of major diseases and possibly delays the onset of age-related disorders. Traditional eating patterns of the Mediterranean region are associated with reduced cardiovascular disease. Although there is no single definition of a Mediterranean diet, descriptions emphasize the consumption of vegetables, fruits and nuts. In this chapter, we describe the main nutritional components and non-nutritional antioxidants present in fruits and vegetables, with special reference to the latest advancements. The influence of species, cultivar, maturity stage, postharvest storage conditions on these components is discussed.
ISBN: 978-0-12-408137-6
Rights: © 2014 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Type: Book Chapter
Appears in Collections:Κεφάλαια βιβλίων/Book chapters

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