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Title: Enhanced values of global irradiance due to the presence of clouds in Eastern Mediterranean
Authors: Charalambides, Alexandros G. 
Tapakis, Rogiros 
Keywords: Cloud enhancement;Global horizontal irradiance;Over-irradiance;Photovoltaics
Category: Environmental Engineering
Field: Engineering and Technology
Issue Date: 2014
Publisher: Elsevier
Source: Renewable Energy, Volume 62, Pages 459-467
Abstract: During cloudy conditions, the presence of clouds in the sky in relation to the sun's position may result in obscuring the sun's direct irradiance to a Photovoltaic Park, and thus in a reduction in the solar irradiance directly, and in energy production indirectly. Nevertheless, during partially cloudy conditions, diffuse irradiance at the PV park may be enhanced due to the reflection of solar irradiance from the base of the clouds and from the scattering of direct irradiance due to cloud particles. Such periods of enhanced solar irradiance may last from several seconds to some minutes depending on the cloud motion. This paper presents measurements of enhanced global irradiance from data obtained in Cyprus (latitude 34.7° N, longitude 32.6° E), during the spring and summer of 2010. On seven occasions in five different days of May and June, the measured value of global irradiance exceeded 1500 Wm−2 that corresponds to 150% of the theoretical value computed by Bird and Hulstrom clear-sky computational model for those specific occasions. Moreover, it is noteworthy that in more than 20 days of April, May and June, the 1 min and 10-min average global irradiance exceeded 1200 Wm−2 (enhanced by 125% compared to the theoretical ensembled averaged value for those specific occasions) showing a long lasting period of this effect. These long periods of high irradiance values, along with the temperature drop due to the presence of clouds (the ambient temperature in the summer near noon is in the range of 30–40 °C while the measured temperature was in the range of 15–20 °C) might boost the performance of photovoltaic modules and cause irreparable damage to photovoltaic inverters.
ISSN: 0960-1481
Rights: © 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved
Type: Article
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