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Title: The effect of short-term changes in air pollution on respiratory and cardiovascular morbidity in Nicosia, Cyprus.
Authors: Middleton, Nicos
Yiallouros, Panayiotis K.
Kleanthous, Savvas
Kolokotroni, Ourania
Schwartz, Joel D.
Dockery, Douglas W.
Demokritou, Philip
Koutrakis, Petros
Scientific Field: Medical and Health Sciences
Scientific Field: Clinical Medicine
Subjects: Cardiovascular system
Issue Date: 2007
Abstract: This study investigates the effect of daily changes in levels of PM10 on the daily volume of respiratory and cardiovascular admissions in Nicosia, Cyprus during 1995-2004. After controlling for long- (year and month) and short-term (day of the week) patterns as well as the effect of weather in Generalized Additive Poisson models, some positive associations were observed with all-cause and cause-specific admissions. Risk of hospitalization increased stepwise across quartiles of days with increasing levels of PM10 by 1.3% (-0.3, 2.8), 4.9% (3.3, 6.6), 5.6% (3.9, 7.3) as compared to days with the lowest concentrations. For every 10μg/m3 increase in daily average PM10 concentration, there was a 1.2% (-0.1%, 2.4%) increase in cardiovascular admissions. With respects to respiratory admissions, an effect was observed only in the warm season with a 1.8% (-0.22, 3.85) increase in admissions per 10μg/m3 increase in PM10. The effect on respiratory admissions seemed to be much stronger in women and, surprisingly, restricted to people of adult age.
Description: Presented at the 6th International Conference on Urban Air Quality, Limassol, March, 2007. Short-paper was submitted for peer-review and appears in proceedings of the conference.
Type: Conference Papers
ISBN: 978-1-905313-46-4
Affiliation: Ministry of Labour
Cyprus International Institute for the Environment and Public Health
Country: Cyprus
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