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|Title:||Energy upgrading of buildings. A holistic approach for the Natural History Museum of Crete, Greece||Authors:||Al Katsaprakakis, Dimitris
Christakis, Dimitris G.
|Keywords:||Buildings energy saving upgrade;Small wind turbines;Photovoltaic stations on roofs;Open loop normal geothermal systems;Heating and cooling loads;Bioclimatic measures for outdoor spaces||Category:||Materials Engineering||Field:||Engineering and Technology||Issue Date:||1-Dec-2017||Publisher:||PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD||Source:||RENEWABLE ENERGY, Volume: 114, Pages: 1306-1332, Part: B ,2017||metadata.dc.doi:||http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.renene.2017.08.021||Journal:||Renewable Energy||Abstract:||This article presents the fundamental points of the accomplished work regarding the energy upgrading of the building of the Natural History Museum of Crete, Greece, based on a cluster of passive and active measures. The main target was the building's energy efficiency upgrading from D to A+ rank. Among the passive measures, insulation of the building's envelope, installation of new windows and doors, construction of a green roof and planting of an outdoor space at the south side of the building to improve the ambient climate locally are included. Furthermore, small wind turbines and a photovoltaic station on the roof, geothermal heat pumps with an open loop system operating with seawater, new lighting equipment controlled by a central management system and reactive power coefficient compensation constitute the proposed active systems. Energy saving percentages from 40% to 93% are achieved with all the proposed technologies. In total, the primary energy specific consumption is reduced from 273.65 kWh/m(2) at 18.36 kWh/m(2), giving a total energy saving percentage of 93.29%. The building's energy efficiency is upgraded from the rank D to the rank A+, according to the European Union's standards. The total cost of the proposed measures is estimated approximately at 900,000.||URI:||http://ktisis.cut.ac.cy/handle/10488/10496||ISSN:||0960-1481||Rights:||(C) 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.||Type:||Article|
|Appears in Collections:||Άρθρα/Articles|
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